Realignment theory[ edit ] The central holding of realignment theory, first developed in the political scientist V.
United States congressional apportionment State population per electoral vote for the 50 states and Washington D. Each representative represents on averagepersons.
The least populous state which is Wyomingaccording to the census has three electors; thus, D. This is because each of these states is entitled to one representative and two senators.
Nomination[ edit ] Candidates for elector are nominated by state chapters of nationally oriented political parties in the months prior to Election Day.
In some states, the electors are nominated by voters in primaries, the same way other presidential candidates are nominated.
In some states, such as OklahomaVirginia and North Carolinaelectors are nominated in party conventions.
In Pennsylvaniathe campaign committee of each candidate names their respective electoral college candidates an attempt to discourage faithless electors. Varying by state, electors may also be elected by state legislatures, or appointed by the parties themselves.
However, the Congress may remove this disqualification by a two-thirds vote in each House. Since the Civil Warall states have chosen presidential electors by popular vote. This process has been normalized to the point the names of the electors appear on the ballot in only eight states: Maine and Nebraska use the "congressional district method", selecting one elector within each congressional district by popular vote and selecting the remaining two electors by a statewide popular vote.
This method has been used in Maine since and in Nebraska since In most states, voters choose a slate of electors, and only a few states list on the ballot the names of proposed electors.
In some states, if a voter wants to write in a candidate for president, the voter is also required to write in the names of proposed electors. After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received.
The Certificates of Ascertainment are mandated to carry the State Seal, and the signature of the Governor in the case of the District of Columbia, the Certificate is signed by the Mayor of the District of Columbia. Hayes and William A.
Wheeler for the State of Louisiana The Electoral College never meets as one body. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president.Vol.
46, No. 2, Summer ARTICLES. Trafficking, Prostitution, and Inequality Catharine A.
MacKinnon. A Free Irresponsible Press: Wikileaks and the Battle over the Soul of . It is my position that this institution, the Electoral College, despite its usefulness in the early s, is an archaic tradition that has no place in the contemporary American political system.
The Electoral College consists of electors, as many electors as members of Congress, plus three for Washington, DC. Identification. The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to .
The electoral college is actually a uniquely ingenious invention used to ensure states rights, guaranteeing that the United States remain a group of united individual states functioning together as unified Federation, as opposed to a single nation.
These states have reserved powers granted to them in the 10th amendment to the constitution. This is the way the founding fathers wanted it. The electoral college system, while not flawless, gives a strong voice to the 50 different constituencies in the United States – those of each state.
INTRODUCTION. The United States is - by size of electorate - the second largest democracy on the globe (India is the largest and Indonesia comes third) and the most powerful nation on earth, politically, economically and militarily, but its political system is in many important respects unlike any .