Here are some of the highlights: Most, if not all of these districts, get their water from the city or county and rely on the public utility system to test water for safety. However, public utility systems conduct testing at their facilities and do not typically test sources on a school campus. Only six states require school systems to test for lead in the water:
The Status of Special Districts: What are Dependent Special Districts? Dependent special districts are under some control by a single county or municipality one or more of the following characteristics: May have identical governing body members but always a separate governing body.
May appoint all members to the special district's governing body. May remove any member at will during unexpired terms. May approve the special district's budget. May veto the special district's budget. What are Independent Special Districts?
An independent special district does not have any dependent characteristics. A special district that includes more than one county is independent unless it lies wholly within the boundaries of a single municipality.
The Significance of "Dependent" and "Independent" Special Districts Generally, counties and municipalities are authorized to create only dependent special districts. A few exceptions exist, such as independent Community Development Districts that are smaller than 2, acres.
For more information see Creating Special Districts. Certain dependent special districts may have their financial reports and audits included with those of their local governing authority. This can be a cost-savings for dependent special districts instead of having to pay for a separate independent financial audit.
Independent special districts must report separately from municipalities and counties. A special district's classification may affect local millage caps. If a dependent special district has the authority to levy ad valorem taxes, its ad valorem millage must be added to the millage of the county or municipality that created it.
The combined total of their millage rates must not exceed the millage cap set for the county or municipality. Examples of Special Districts Throughout Florida, more than 1, active special districts provide more than 80 specialized governmental functions see the Official List of Special Districts Online.
Some of these special districts operate in multiple counties, such as the Water Management Districts. Other special districts serve a small neighborhood, helping residents develop and maintain common areas. Popular types of special districts include: Special districts that allow new residential, commercial and industrial developments to occur by financing, building and maintaining common infrastructure and facilities for example, roads, landscaping, water and sewer lines, street lighting and drainage systems.
Special districts that help attract businesses and retail establishments to specific areas by redeveloping, improving and maintaining commercial areas and facilities for example, sidewalks, building facades, bicycle lanes, parking facilities, signs and roadways.
Special districts that protect life and property by providing fire control and rescue, flood control and emergency medical services. Special districts that provide major infrastructure and facilities serving large areas for example, airports, roads and bridges, expressways, sea ports, waterways and utility systems.
Special districts that help make Florida a desirable place to live, work and visit by providing civic, health, educational, conservation, parks, sports and recreational facilities. Residents in a certain neighborhood paid a fee to receive fire protection services.
Any resident not paying the fee had no fire protection services. Soon, many volunteer fire departments formed throughout Philadelphia.
This prompted Franklin to boast that his city had the best fire service in the world. In Florida, the first special districts were created almost years ago. At the time, Florida was a territory of log settlements scattered between the only two cities: The entire territory consisted of two large counties:To match projected water use determined in the water supply plans with actual water use, the South Florida Water Management District issues permits that determine how much water city and county utilities and other large users are allowed to withdraw from our shared underground water reserves.
What we do As a public agency, OCWD takes on the water challenges of today and prepares to meet the region's water demands for generations to come. OCWD manages three of Southern California’s greatest water supplies: the Santa Ana River, the Orange County Groundwater Basin and the Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS).
III. Freshwater Canals A. Introduction portions of developed south Florida for better management of water supply to Everglades Restoration and public water supplies.
and/or Independent Drainage Districts is often determined by rainfall, water elevations, and/or threat. Our mission is to protect water resources, minimize flood risks, and ensure the public’s water needs are met. CPALMS is an online toolbox of information, vetted resources, and interactive tools that helps educators effectively implement teaching standards.
It is the State of Florida’s official source for standards information and course descriptions. A recorded message at the South Florida Water Management District said the organization’s water managers were working around the clock to lower canals and make adjustments for drainage.