China is one of the world's four ancient civilizations, and the written history of China dates back to the Shang Dynasty c. The ancient China era was c. The imperial era was BC — AD, from China's unification under Qin rule until the end of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China era was from untiland the modern China era from until the present day. Read on for a snapshot of China's historical timeline and some key events.
The Ostromir Gospels of is the second oldest East Slavic book known, one of many medieval illuminated manuscripts preserved in the Russian National Library.
Russia's ethnic groups speak some languages. Russian is the most geographically widespread language of Eurasia and the most widely spoken Slavic language. Slavic mythology and Russian folklore New Russian folklore takes its roots in the pagan beliefs of ancient Slavs which is nowadays still represented in the Russian folklore.
Epic Russian bylinas are also an important part of Slavic mythology. The oldest bylinas of Kievan cycle were actually recorded mostly in the Russian Northespecially in Kareliawhere most of the Finnish national epic Kalevala was recorded as well.
Some Russian poets, including Pyotr Yershov and Leonid Filatovcreated a number of well-known poetical interpretations of classical Russian fairy tales, and in some cases, like that of Alexander Pushkinalso created fully original fairy tale poems that became very popular.
Folklorists today consider the s the Soviet Union 's golden age of folklore. The struggling new government, which had to focus its efforts on establishing a new administrative system and building up the nation's backwards economy, could not be bothered with attempting to control literature, so studies of folklore thrived.
There were two primary trends of folklore study during the decade: Formalism focused on the artistic form of ancient byliny and faerie tales, specifically their use of distinctive structures and poetic devices.
Stalin and the Soviet regime repressed folklore, believing that it supported the old tsarist system and a capitalist economy. They saw it as a reminder of the backward Russian society that the Bolsheviks were working to surpass.
The RAPP specifically focused on censoring fairy tales and children's literature, believing that fantasies and "bourgeois nonsense" harmed the development of upstanding Soviet citizens. Fairy tales were removed from bookshelves and children were encouraged to read books focusing on nature and science.
Bogatyrs by Viktor Vasnetsov. The three heroes of Russian mythology: Otherwise, collections of folklore, along with all other literature deemed useless for the purposes of Stalin's Five Year Plan, would be an unacceptable realm of study.
InMaksim Gorky gave a speech to the Union of Soviet Writers arguing that folklore could, in fact, be consciously used to promote Communist values.
Apart from expounding on the artistic value of folklore, he stressed that traditional legends and fairy tales showed ideal, community-oriented characters, which exemplified the model Soviet citizen.
The attitudes of such legendary characters paralleled the mindset that the Soviet government wished to instill in its citizens.
The Union handpicked and recorded particular stories that, in their eyes, sufficiently promoted the collectivist spirit and showed the Soviet regime's benefits and progress. It then proceeded to redistribute copies of approved stories throughout the population. Meanwhile, local folklore centers arose in all major cities.I have heard the following from a bunch of people, one of whom was me six months ago: “I keep on reading all these posts by really smart people who identify as Reactionaries, and I don’t have any idea what’s going on.
Цены уточняйте у наших менеджеров по тел: ; или смотрите прайс-лист! daily speculations the web site of victor niederhoffer: dedicated to value creation, ballyhoo deflation and applying the scientific method in finance. SUCCESSORS OF ROME: FRANCIA, Present.
Kings and Emperors of the Franks, France, Burgundy, Italy, and Germany. Introduction. After the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and the occupation of much of Gaul by the Franks, Roman power never returned far enough to come into conflict with the Frankish kingdom (except, to an .
or Hong Kong using traditional characters. To the exception of commonly used nouns, such as Kuomintang, the Pinyin system is used for the Romanization of Chinese terms. Thinking Outside the Box: A Misguided Idea The truth behind the universal, but flawed, catchphrase for creativity.
Posted Feb 06,