A Most Detestable Crime: Criminal law classifies rape as a crime against the person along with murder, robbery, and battery. But in at least one respect rape is unique--with few exceptions its perpetrators are male and its victims are female.
In order to sift through the many layers of prejudice that Lee exposes in her novel, the reader needs to understand the complex history of race relations in the South. Many states — particularly in the South — passed "Jim Crow" laws named after a black, minstrel show characterwhich severely limited how African Americans could participate in society.
Supreme Court paved the ways for these laws in when the court ruled that it couldn't enforce the 14th Amendment at the individual level. The first Jim Crow law appeared in ; the laws increased from there and lasted until the civil rights movement of the s. Many whites at the time believed that instead of progressing as a race, blacks were regressing with the abolition of slavery.
Southern churches frequently upheld this racist thinking, which also helped give the Jim Crow laws some of their power. Ironically, African American churches were as likely to uphold the Jim Crow laws as white churches were.
The continued oppression of one group over another is largely psychological. The dominant group first uses force to obtain their power. Slowly, the group being oppressed begins to feel hopeless that the situation can change and begins to unwittingly buy into the oppression as the norm.
Before the civil rights movement gained momentum, many African American churches concentrated on helping their congregations deal with the oppression rather than trying to end it.
Jim Crow laws extended into almost every facet of public life. The laws stipulated that blacks use separate entrances into public buildings, have separate restrooms and drinking fountains, and sit in the back of trains and buses. Blacks and whites were not allowed to be served food in the same room in a restaurant, play pool together, share the same prisons, or be buried in the same cemeteries.
African Americans couldn't play professional sports with white teammates or serve in the armed forces with white soldiers. Black children were educated in separate schools.
Black barbers couldn't wait on white female clients, and white female nurses couldn't attend to black male patients. Not every law applied in every state, but the Jim Crow laws were demoralizing and far reaching, all in the name of protecting white culture and power.
Interracial Marriage At the time Lee wrote To Kill a Mockingbird, white people had control over the communities they lived in, but many members of the elite class feared that African Americans would make inroads into the white world by marrying and having children with whites.
Thus, interracial marriage was outlawed in many states. Biracial children were referred to as "mulatto," a word derived from "mule," because, like mules, these children were thought to be the offspring of an unnatural union.
Ironically, biracial children born to black mothers were not seen as a threat to white superiority, so most people looked the other way when a white man — like Dolphus Raymond in the novel — chose to marry a black woman.University of Miami Law School Institutional Repository University of Miami Law Review Rape as a Legal Symbol: An Essay on Sexual Violence and Racism.
In this essay the bias and racism in both trials are going to be clarified and compared to each other. Several groups of To Kill a Mockingbird Essay rape by the two women, known to be prostitutes, in the hopes of covering up their own crimes. The leading causes of segregation in the South were the Jim Crow Laws, which.
Essays on Rape Only Words, by Catharine MacKinnon is a collection of three essays; each essay argues her claim that sexual words and pictures should be banned instead of Constitutionally protected under the First Amendment as free speech.
Jennifer Wriggins analyzes the significance how race, ethnicity, and class influence a woman's vulnerability to rape, the meaning and impact of the rape, and the response of family, of community, and of social institutions.5/5(1).
JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources. The Fallacies of Egoism and Altruism, and the Fundamental Principle of Morality (after Kant and Nelson) I have not done wrong. The "Negative Confession" or Protestation of Ani, The Egyptian Book of the Dead, The Book of Going Forth by Day, The Complete Papyrus of Ani, Featuring Integrated Text and Full-Color Images, translated by Dr.
Faulkner [, , Chronicle Books, San.