Overview[ edit ] Origin of term[ edit ] U. The word is linked to the use of a whistle to alert the public or a crowd about a bad situation, such as the commission of a crime or the breaking of rules during a game. The phrase whistle blower attached itself to law enforcement officials in the 19th century because they used a whistle to alert the public or fellow police.
Psychological Testing in the Workplace Psychological Testing in the Workplace 1 January Psychology Psychological tests are popular among private and public companies, government agencies and in the military as well.
Psychological testing is used for several purposes, they can be used in the pre-employment process, and Ethical issues in workplace psychological testing can be used as an aid in regarding employment retention as well as in job placement.
Types of Personality Tests There are a variety of different types of personality tests. This personality test may be utilized for employee retention especially in allocating tasks to a group of employees finding which employee is best suited to each task required Basu, This personality test is used to see how well employees will be able to work in a multicultural setting, especially in multi-national companies that pull employees from different cultures from around the world.
The five broad categories and examples of their sub categories include xtroversion and its subcategories of friendliness and social engagement, agreeableness with its sub-categories of trust and cooperation, conscientiousness with its sub categories of self-confidence and cautiousness, neuroticism and its sub-categories of sensitivities of others opinions and openness to new experiences which includes adventurousness and how readily that individual may challenge authority.
This is a personality test that seems best suited as a pre-employment test, especially when an individual is applying for a position in a multinational corporation or there is a diverse cultural background in a given location Basu, According to this index, there are four problem solving modes: A series of multiple choice questions are given, based on problem solving scenarios.
Validity and Reliability The issue of validity is a major issue surrounding psychological testing. Each individual psychological test must measure what it was intended to measure.
The test must contain construct validity that is it must measure the psychological construct, such as depression, that it was designed to measure. The test must also have content validity; it must adequately sample information from the broad range that composes the construct in use. The criterion related validity is important as well, this is the type of validity that is most relative to performance psychological tests.
The test to measure performance must have valid criteria that can be tested by having employees that already perform, the tasks the test is supposed to measure, well. In order for any psychological test to be valid, it must also be reliable.
There are two types of reliability that makes up the total reliability of the given psychological test: The internal consistency reliability measures how well all the items listed in the test relate to one another.
If they relate well then the internal consistency can be found to be reliable. The most important of these types of reliability is the test-retest reliability.
This measures how well the results of one testing match up with the results of another testing by the same individual using the same test but at different times Raymond Richmond, Given that the human mind is so complex that it is impossible to know anything with full and total confidence, no psychological test can ever be entirely valid or reliable.
Even with extensive testing it is not yet possible to fully assert any conclusion with total certitude Raymond Richmond, Ethical issues There are several ethical issues involved in workplace psychological testing; the most easily abused is that of stereotyping.
When an individual takes part in a personality test, the results classify them in one personality group or another.
The inherent inaccuracies of these personality tests, that come from minds too complex to properly measure, can cause errors in the results and the results are from the majority of the answers given, as no person is entirely of one type, a person can have scored only slightly more as an introvert as opposed to being an extrovert in one testing, but can then be seen as an introvert by the manager or fellow employees.
Assumptions that come from the generalization of these types can lead to job discrimination Marshall, There is an ethical consideration to asking employees to take psychological tests without making it clear that the results will be kept confidential.
The results from these tests when shared among other employees may lead to harassment in the form of teasing and such, making the workplace feel more hostile and a less productive environment.
It is also unethical to use personality tests as the basis for decisions regarding promotions and work assignments Marshall, As long as the validity and reliability of these tests are as secure as any psychological test can be and the employers utilize these test ethically, these tests can help individuals grow within their companies.
When a test shows a weakness in a certain area, the individual can use those results to improve skills to help strengthen those weak points and employers can help employees follow their strengths that will help in their rise through their companies.Psychologists often work with vulnerable individuals in sensitive situations.
An important step in becoming a mental health professional or consumer of psychological services is to be aware of the ethical issues faced by psychologists. Pros and Cons of Using this Particular Test and Ethical Issues.
Select a psychological test and describe how it is used in the workplace. What are the pros and cons of using this particular test?
Why Genetic Testing May Lead to Ethical Dilemmas. Discussions about ethics are important in many aspects of health care but are especially critical when the health care includes genetic testing. The general terms "high context" and "low context" (popularized by Edward Hall) are used to describe broad-brush cultural differences between societies.
Unsafe and unethical. Ethical issues in workplace drug testing in Europe, a February International Labour Organisation (ILO) report, noted that workplace drug testing laboratories in the United Kingdom "report ever increasing demands for their services" ..
But while the justification for testing is often given as safety, the real motivation can be . Ethical leadership: A social learning perspective for construct development and testing.