The History of 'Jack-O'-Lantern' A man with a lantern, a light on a marsh, and a Halloween pumpkin The term jack-o'-lantern has been used in American English to describe a lantern made from a hollowed-out pumpkin since the 19th century, but the term originated in 17th-century Britain, where it was used to refer to a man with a lantern or to a night watchman. At that time, the British often called men whose names they didn't know by a common name like Jack. Thus, an unknown man carrying a lantern was sometimes called "Jack with the lantern" or "Jack of the lantern. What's less certain is how the name came to be applied to a hollowed-out pumpkin.
Jack-o-Lanterns Jack-o-lanterns, which originated in Ireland with turnips instead of pumpkins, are based on a legend about a man name Stingy Jack who repeatedly trapped the Devil and only let him go on the condition that Jack would never go to Hell. His old friend, the Devil, gifted Jack a lump of burning coal, which Jack carried around in a carved-out turnip to light his way.
Locals began carving frightening faces into their own gourds to scare off evil spirits such as Jack of the Lantern. Ghosts Celtic people believed that during the festival Samhain, which marked the transition to the new year at the end of the harvest and beginning of the winter, spirits walked the Earth.
Later, the introduction of All Souls Day on November 2 by Christian missionaries perpetuated the idea of a mingling between the living and the dead around that time.
Costumes With all these ghosts wandering around the Earth during Samhain, the Celts had to get creative to avoid being terrorized by evil spirits. To fake out the ghosts, people would don disguises so they would be mistaken for spirits themselves and left alone.
Trick-or-Treating Everyone can agree that free candy is awesome. One theory proposes that during Samhain, Celtic people would leave out food to placate the History of the jack o lantern and ghosts and spirits traveling the earth that night.
Eventually, people began dressing up as these otherworldly beings in exchange for similar offerings of food and drink. Trick-or-Treating, the Scottish Way Other researchers speculate that the candy bonanza stems from the Scottish practice of guising, itself a secular version of souling.
Trick-or-Treating, American-style Some sources argue that our modern trick-or-treating stems from belsnickling, a tradition in German-American communities where children would dress in costume and then call on their neighbors to see if the adults could guess the identities of the disguised guests.
In one version of the practice, the children were rewarded with food or other treats if no one could identify them. Black Cats The association of black cats and spookiness actually dates all the way back to the Middle Ages, when these dark kitties were considered a symbol of the Devil.
Bobbing for Apples This game traces its origins to a courting ritual that was part of a Roman festival honoring Pamona, the goddess of agriculture and abundance.
Multiple variations existed, but the basic gist was that young men and women would be able to foretell their future relationships based on the game. When the Romans conquered the British Isles the Pamona festival was blended with the similarly timed Samhain, a precursor to Halloween.
Black and Orange The classic Halloween colors can also trace their origins back to the Celtic festival Samhain. Some sources say that pranks were originally part of May Day Celebrations. But Samhain, and eventually All Souls Day, always seem to have included good-natured mischief.
When Scottish and Irish immigrants came to America, they brought along the tradition of celebrating Mischief Night as part of Halloween, which was great for candy-fueled pranksters. Candles and Bonfires These days, candles are more likely than towering traditional bonfires, but for much of the early history of Halloween, open flames were integral in lighting the way for souls seeking the afterlife.
Candy Apples People have been coating fruit in sugar syrups as a means of preservation for centuries. Since the development of the Roman festival of Pamona, a goddess often represented by and associated with apples, the fruit has had a place in harvest celebrations.
As part of Samhain, the Celts lit large bonfires, which attracted insects. The insects, in turn, attracted bats, which soon became associated with the festival. Medieval folklore expanded upon the spooky connotation of bats with a number of superstitions built around the idea that bats were the harbingers of death.
Candy The act of going door-to-door for handouts has long been a part of Halloween celebrations. The rise in the popularity of trick-or-treating in the s inspired candy companies to make a marketing push with small, individually wrapped confections.
Candy Corn According to some stories, a candymaker at the Wunderlee Candy Company in Philadelphia invented the revolutionary tri-color candy in the s. At the time, candy corn was called "Chicken Feed" and sold in boxes that read "Something worth crowing for.Jack-o’-latern is an archaic construction meaning “Jack of the lantern” or lamp.
The original jack-o’-laterns were made to imitate flickering lights seen above bogs and swamps in eastern England and Ireland. Thank you for a Spectacular season!
Jack-O-Lantern Spectacular, presented by Citizens Bank, at Roger Williams Park Zoo is celebrating 30 years of Halloween magic October 4 – November 4. Carving pumpkins into jack-o’-lanterns is one of the most widespread Halloween traditions in the world.
However, the term “jack-o’-lantern” has not always referred to the decorative, light-filled pumpkins that embellish porches and storefronts each October. History.
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Origins. Hal Jordan was born in Coast City to Martin Jordan and Jessica Jordan, the. The history of animation started long before the development of r-bridal.com have probably attempted to depict motion as far back as the paleolithic period.
Shadow play and the magic lantern offered popular shows with projected images on a screen, moving as the result of manipulation by hand and/or some minor mechanics. In the phenakistiscope introduced the stroboscopic . Read a brief history of the Jack-O-Lantern and how carving faces on pumpkins became a Halloween tradition.
Why Do We Carve Pumpkins on Halloween? Search the site GO.