In other words, people are motivated to seek pleasure and avoid pain.
The first three needs physiological, safety and social are lower-order needs and next two needs ego and self-actualisation are higher-order needs.
These are the basic needs that people want to satisfy. They are the need for food, clothing, shelter and other necessities of life. They are also known as survival needs. The strongest motivator that can satisfy these needs is money and a healthy work environment.
Full or part satisfaction of physiological needs arouses safety needs in an individual. These are the needs to remain free from external dangers of war, destruction, accidents etc.
Safety is an important consideration in selecting a job as people want their jobs to satisfy their safety needs. The motivators that satisfy these needs are the benefits of life insurance, provident fund, health insurance and other retirement benefits. He cannot live alone.
While working in the formal structure of authority-responsibility relationships, he develops affection and respect for his superiors and fellow workers.
He becomes part of informal groups in the organisation.
Man wants to share his thoughts and feelings with others and, therefore, interacts with them. He wants to love and respect others and be loved and respected by them.
He develops the need for acceptance and belongingness with others. Motivators like harmonious relationships, good natured fellow workers and healthy work environment satisfy his social needs.
This is a higher-order need concerned with self-respect, self-worth, power and prestige and arises after satisfaction of the lower-order needs. These needs are of two types: It is the desire of a person to develop competence, power and independence.
At the organisational level, managers can satisfy these needs by providing a good office layout and job titles. Along with job-satisfaction and self-confidence, a person also wants others to recognise him.
The desire for prestige is a dominant form of ego needs. These needs inspire a person to develop to his maximum potential. They are placed at the top of the need hierarchy. There is strong desire for achievement and competence in every person which arises after other needs are satisfied.
These are the needs of becoming what one wants to become. People with strong self-actualisation needs do not wait for things to happen; they make things happen. The inner desire to become a doctor or engineer or professor or social reformer and actually becoming one is the satisfaction of self-actualisation need.
Personal and professional growth and achievement are the motives that promote self-actualisation needs of a person.
The motivators that satisfy self-actualisation needs are challenging jobs, opportunities for innovation and growth and participative decision-making.
The need hierarchy and motivators that satisfy the needs is shown in the following figure: The theory highlights the following features:words essay on Motivation and Self-Esteem. Human beings operate on a pleasure/pain basis. In other words, people are motivated to seek pleasure and avoid pain.
Self-motivation is a process wherein a person develop ways on how to keep his or her self motivated at all times despite challenging times and without direct help from other people. Experts say that self-motivation is a very important factor in a person's life because this .
Motivation Theory into Practice, Measures of Motivation, Self Theories and Employee Motivation. Of the many theories of work motivation, Herzberg's () motivator-hygiene theory has been one of the most influential in recent decades.
1. Essay on the Meaning of Motivation: The term motivation is derived from the Latin word ‘mover’ which means “to move”. Motivation is the forces acting on or within a person that causes the arrival, direction and persistence of goal directed, voluntary effort.
SELF-CONFIDENCE AND PERSONAL MOTIVATION Roland Bénabou and Jean Tirole1 ABSTRACT We analyze the value placed by rational agents on self—con ﬁdence, and the strategies employed. Find Another Essay On Improving Self-Motivation in Employees Self-management of Leisure Behaviour in the Workplace and its Impact on Productivity words - 5 pages negative aspects of distraction in the workplace is important for the foundation of the literature review being conducted.