Comparative Literature While it seeks to prepare its students for reading and research in the languages and histories of different societies and periods, it is also dedicated to their critical and cultural analysis. Literary theory in all its forms helps to break down the borders between national literary fields, as well as between literary studies and other disciplines. Indeed, the discipline of Comparative Literature asks, often, just what "literature" is, and how it functions as a product of and response to our imaginations, our languages, and our social and economic lives.
Such uses can be done without permission from the copyright owner. In other words, fair use is a defense against a claim of copyright infringement. If your use qualifies as a fair use, then it would not be considered an infringement.
If this definition seems ambiguous or vague, be aware that millions of dollars in legal fees have been spent attempting to define what qualifies as a fair use. There are no hard-and-fast rules, only general guidelines and varied court decisions, because the judges and lawmakers who created the fair use exception did not want to limit its definition.
Like free speech, they wanted it to have an expansive meaning that could be open to interpretation. Most fair use analysis falls into two categories: Commentary and Criticism If you are commenting upon or critiquing a copyrighted work—for instance, writing a book review—fair use principles allow you to reproduce some of the work to achieve your purposes.
Some examples of commentary and criticism include: The underlying rationale of this rule is that the public reaps benefits from your review, which is enhanced by including some of the copyrighted material.
Additional examples of commentary or criticism are provided in the examples of fair use cases. Parody A parody is a work that ridicules another, usually well-known work, by imitating it in a comic way.
Judges understand that, by its nature, parody demands some taking from the original work being parodied.Stanford University, one of the world's leading teaching and research institutions, is dedicated to finding solutions to big challenges and to preparing students for leadership in a complex world.
Former Stegner Fellow, Stanford; Online Writing Lead Instructor, Stanford Continuing Studies Malena Watrous is the author of the novel If You Follow Me, which received a Michener-CopernicusAward. She frequently reviews books for such publications as The New York Times and the San Francisco Chronicle.
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She has taught statistics and writing at Stanford for a decade and has received several Excellence in Teaching Awards from the graduate program in epidemiology.
Dr. Sainani has previously taught "Writing in the Sciences" on Coursera and OpenEdX. Building upon the achievements of Stanford University's Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project, the King Institute supports a broad range of activities illuminating Dr.
King's life and the movements he inspired. Director and Founder, CCARE Clinical Professor of Neurosurgery, Stanford University James R.
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