The combination of the "alphabet soup" acts and the long lasting effects that they produced transformed the modern individual farmer of the late 's and the entire 's from the down and out, could barely survive "Okie" farmer, as depicted in John Steinbeck's "Grapes of Wrath", to a more uniform, government backed, stable farmer that still exists today. Many reasons as to why agricultural recovery and reform were put at such high priority have been suggested. In particular, there are two very compelling and logical reasons.
Contact Author Franklin D. Roosevelt, United States President, Source When Roosevelt replaced Hoover as president, he did what Hoover would not — gave direct relief to people across the nation who were impoverished.
Arguably more important than giving direct relief to those suffering in the shadow of the Great Depression, Roosevelt also created job opportunities for Americans that allowed them to earn a paycheck and benefitted the local, state, and nation as a whole. Corporate farmers, ranchers, miners, and industries in the West particularly benefitted from the New Deal and the agencies it created.
Most of this relief came in the way of damming rivers to irrigate land. The dam served many purposes. It provided water for irrigating the Imperial Valley, prevented flooding at the lower end of the river, generated electricity for Los Angeles as well as southern Arizona, and supplied household water for southern Californians.
Corporate farmers benefitted greatly because of the irrigation opportunities given to the West. The dam provided a secure, dependable water source for farmers. Their crops no longer fell to the mercy of drought.
The government subsidized farming and ranching losses in the Dust Bowl region, another way the New Deal helped farmers in the West. The Drought Relief Service bought more than 8 million cattle to insure land was not over-grazed.
By controlling the number of cattle in the region, they helped control how much of the land was used for grazing.
In addition, they paid farmers not to work their lands, to better use their water, and to control their cattle herds better. To further protect the land, the government created local advisory boards through the Taylor Grazing Act of The New Deal helped preserve the mining industry in the West, too.
Just like the government bought cattle from ranchers, it bought silver from miners. The government paid a premium price for the silver which allowed the mining companies to keep people working. Silver usually occurs with other ores such as copper, zinc, and lead; so the prices paid by the government for silver allowed the mining companies the affordability to mine them all.
While there were few industries in the West, the dams created a favorable situation for them to locate there. Because of the dams, water was available for irrigation and for home use, both vital aspects in recruiting labor for industries.
The dams also provided inexpensive electricity, a big factor considered by industries as they considered location options. Native Americans benefitted least from the New Deal, possibly because the Bureau of Indian Affairs was the oldest of the western government agencies and because it had a history of mismanagement.
White reformers were more concerned with assimilating Native Americans than helping them out of their government-induced poverty.HOME Free Essays Successes and Failures of Roosevelt’s New Deal. Successes and Failures of Roosevelt’s New Deal Essay And the role of women was often ignored during the New Deal; though it benefited many Americans.
Federal job programs permitted only one person per family to hold a job in the program; this excluded . The “New Deal” consisted of three goals: relief, recovery, and reform.
One safeguard put in place that can be successful today is the creation of the Federal Relief Administration (FERA) which formed the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Roosevelt's New Deal policies had many critics but among the most vocal were groups like the American Liberty League and powerful Socialists who argued that the New Deal policies either went too far or not far enough in solving the problems that faced the nation.
Roosevelt's critics came from both ends of the political spectrum. The New Deal was the ultimate “revolution” providing lasting reforms like Social Security and the Fair Labor Standards Act, and establishing precedents that continue to shape the lives of millions of Americans to this day.
The New Deal was a series of programs which created jobs for those who had lost work due to the depression. Logging, road construction, mural painting, and dam building are bu t a few of the.
FDR's New Deal Summary & Analysis. BACK; NEXT ; New Deal for a Depression That's Getting Old. Shortly after taking office in , Roosevelt announced the "3 Rs" of the New Deal program to the American people—it was a package deal .